It might not be worth a blog post, but I couldn't find any discussion about this issue online...
I just discovered yet another browser-specific Content Security Policy (CSP) quirk: in Safari, removing a
<base> element from a page with a CSP
base-uri directive causes a CSP violation — regardless of the value set in
base-uridirective restricts the URLs that can be used to specify the document base URL.
I created a small example that you can use to reproduce the issue in your browser.
It's an HTML page served with a
base-uri 'self' CSP, which means that only
<base> elements pointing at the current origin are allowed.
In the example, there's a
<base> element pointing at a valid location (the origin), and you can validate it by checking the DevTools console, where you won't find any report of CSP violations.
<base> element from the page and boom: Safari will report a CSP violation.
The violation is triggered and reported only in Safari.
From my understanding of the Content Security Policy level 2 spec and the algorithm defined in the HTML5 spec to obtain a document’s base, the issue should be on Safari's end: if no
<base> element is available on the page, the document's base should fallback to the document URL (which in this case would satisfy the CSP).